The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is the premier R&D organization of the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Ministry of Communications & Information Technology (MCIT) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas. Different areas of C-DAC, had originated at different times, many of which came out as a result of identification of opportunities.

C-DAC was setup in 1988 to build Supercomputers in context of denial of import of Supercomputers by USA. Since then C-DAC has been undertaking building of multiple generations of Supercomputer starting from PARAM with 1 GF in 1988. C-DAC has also started building Indian Language Computing Solutions with setting up of gist group (Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technology). National Centre for Software Technology (NCST) set up in 1985 had also initiated work in Indian Language Computing.

With the passage of time as a result of creative echo system that got set up in C-DAC, more areas such as Health Informatics, etc., got created; while right from the beginning the focus of NCST was on Software Technologies; similarly C-DAC started its education & training activities in 1994 as a spin-off with the passage of time, it grew to a large efforts to meet the growing needs of Indian Industry for finishing schools.

Today, C-DAC is doing research in following areas:

  • High-Performance Computers
  • Grid Computing
  • Electronics
  • Speech and Natural Language Processing
  • Information and Cyber Security
  • Ubiquitous Computing
  • Bioinformatics
  • Notable products from C-DAC:
  • PARAM: series of supercomputers

Namescape: search engine for the unique ID project, Aadhar.

Bharat Operating System Solutions: a Linux-based general purpose operating system. TaxoGrid: a grid-based molecular phylogenetics and drug discovery system.

Headquartered at Pune, it has centres at Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Gurgaon, Noida, Bangalore, Chennai.


INTRODUCTION: Founded in April 1997, Centre for Science, Development and Media Studies (CSDMS) formerly known as Centre for Spatial Database Management and Solutions, is a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO), located at Noida, near New Delhi.

It is committed to advocacy and developing solutions for under-privileged societies through the use of innovative and effective Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Its various activities are targeted to meet the needs of society in the development sector through research in the field of GIS and ICT, undertaking development projects in Geo-ICT, through appropriate knowledge-sharing tools and products like print and electronic media, and building capacity through training programmes. Its multi-cultural team has expertise from across disciplines.


  •  The organisation has been actively involved in the field of development research since 1997, and is continuously striving towards achieving greater heights through a wide spectrum of activities.
  •  The organisation aims to achieve its mandate of using ICT for development not only through the new advanced communication technology media, but also through traditional medium like print. The aim is to reach out to more and more people from all walks of life and to transform them into more aware citizens with the power of information.
  •  CSDMS publishes print and online magazines on themes of e-governance, ICT4D (Information and Communication Technology for Development), ICT in Education, e-health, Radio and telecentres.

PARTNERSHIP: CSDMS believes in working with multiple partners and consultants to mutually share knowledge. It provides platforms for sharing knowledge to partners through globally renowned conferences like e-Asia and e-lndia which attract academicians and researchers from all across the globe.

WORLD EDUCATION SUMMIT 2012: This summit was jointly organised by

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE),
  • Centre for Science, Development and Media Studies and
  •  Elets Technomedia Pvt. Ltd.


  • To bring together top leadership in the field of education to assess learning in the 21st century and debate trends in school, higher and skill education across the globe
  • To highlight innovations and best practices in education and provide a platform for disseminating the practices
  • To deliberate and share common experiences and challenges in the implementation of education policies and reforms
  • To assess technology practices and trends in education and their role in promoting education To address the role of teachers in meeting learners’ diverse expectations and needs


CERT-In is an acronym for ‘Indian Computer Emergency Response Team’. CERT-In is the National Incident Response Centre for major computer security incidents in India. CERT-in has been established by, and runs under the aegis of Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India.


  1. CERT-In’s primary role is to raise security awareness among the Indian cyber community.
  2. CERT-In provides technical advice to system administrators and users to respond to computer security incidents.
  3. It provides channels of communication, via telephone, fax and email, through which system administrators and users can report computer security incidents or issues.
  4. It also identifies trends in intruder activity, works with other similar institutions & organizations to resolve major security issues, and disseminates information to the Indian cyber community.
  5. It also enlightens its constituents about the best practices for various systems & networks by publishing advisories, guidelines and other technical documents. CERT-In has prepared best practices & system specific security guidelines to help the Indian cyber community enhance security of their systems and networks.


IAMAI (Internet & Mobile Association of India) is a not-for-profit industry body registered under the Societies Act, 1896. Founded in 2004, it is headquartered in Mumbai. Its mandate is to expand and enhance the online and mobile value added services sectors. IAMAI also put forward the problems and requirements of the businesses to the consumers, shareholders, investors and the government of India. The main purpose of the IAMAI is to improve and expand the value added services pertaining to mobiles and several online services. IAMAI is the only specialized industry body in India representing the interests of online and mobile value added services industry.


The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) responsible for coordinating some of the key elements that keep the Internet running smoothly. Whilst the Internet is renowned for being a worldwide network free from central coordination, there is a technical need for some key parts of the Internet to be globally coordinated – and this coordination role is undertaken by IANA.

It oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and numbers. Specifically, IANA allocates and maintains unique codes and numbering systems that are used in the technical standards (“protocols”) that drive the Internet.

IANA’s various activities can be broadly grouped in to three categories:

  • Domain Names: IANA manages the DNS root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resource.
  • Number Resources: IANA coordinates the global pool of IP and AS numbers, providing them to Regional Internet Registries.
  • Protocol Assignments: Internet protocols’ numbering systems are managed by IANA in conjunction with standards bodies.


INTRODUCTION: ICANN stands for International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a non-profit organization based in California. ICANN has an agreement with the US government, through the Department of Commerce, to work on behalf of the US government as the overseer of the Internet. ICANN was established on September 18th, 1998. ICANN got a real time boost in 2006 when they signed official contract with the US government.


  • ICANN’s functions include:
  • overseeing the top-level domains (TLDs; e.g., .com, .net, org, .edu, .us),
  • registering and maintaining the directory of domain names (e.g., used
  • in the Internet protocol (IP)
  • resolving trademark disputes over domain names.

In addition, ICANN coordinates the Domain Name System (DNS), Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root server system management functions. Primary goal of ICANN in initial days was to manage the assignment of domain names. The ICANN root servers maintain the full listing and connection for all Internet sites that were purchased by different companies or individuals. They have information about the available domain names. Since there is no Internet law authority, ICANN is the closest thing to supervising what goes on online.

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